|Conceptual model of individual differences in Executive function. source|
There are a number of PEBL tasks that tap into different aspects of these function, including the stroop task, the Wisconsin/Bechara card sort, the pebl 'Switcher' task (which might invoke both updating and shifting), and many others. Mizobuchi used the BCST in these studies as an index of shifting, which is essentially the core skill the card sorting task requires. For some of the other individual difference tasks, they used some non-PEBL executive function tasks (stroop, a color monitoring task, a Simon interference task, etc., a tracking task), although one could probably use the PEBL versions of these tasks and get similar results.
Across a number of studies, they have looked at how these individual differences can impact and predict aspects of driving, including identifying which factors are most predictive of dual-task performance. The factors they have examined include device use, driver performance, risk tolerance, multitasking, and other related concept. I think it is pretty interesting that there is fairly high correlations between a task such as the BCST and aspects of dual-task and driving, and it indicates some very low-level skills probably are core cognitive skills that form the building blocks for more complex tasks.
- Canella, D. (2013). Risk Tolerance, and the Impact of Central Executive Abilities on Dual-Task Performance. Master's Thesis, University of Toronto. https://tspace.library.utoronto.ca/bitstream/1807/42768/1/Canella_David_A_201311_MASc_thesis.pdf
- Mizobuchi, S., Chignell, M., Canella, D., and Eizenman, M (2013) Individual Differences in Driving-Related Multitasking, Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Driver Distraction and Inattention (DDI2013). [Paper PDF]
- Mizobuchi, S., Chignell, M., Suzuki, J., Koga, K. & Nawa, K. (2013) Shifting Between Cognitive and Visual Distraction: The Impact of Cognitive Ability on Distraction Caused by Secondary Tasks, presented at the 7th International Driving Symposium on Human Factors in Driver Assessment, Training and Vehicle Design (DA2013). [Proceedings are available here.]
- Mizobuchi, S., Chignell, M., Suzuki, J., Koga, K. & Nawa, K. (2012) The Impact of Central Executive Function Loadings on Driving-Related Performance, Adjunct Proceeding of the forth conference on automotive user interface and interactive vehicular applications (Automotive UI 2012), pp. 68-75. [Paper PDF] [Poster PDF]
- Mizobuchi, S., Chignell, M., Suzuki, J., Koga, K. and Nawa, K. (2011) Central Executive Functions Likely Mediate the Impact of Device Operation When Driving, Proceedings of the Third conference on automotive user interface and interactive vehicular applications (Automotive UI 2011), pp. 129-136. [Presentation Slide PDF]